Wednesday, 16 June 2021



The images above show the face of the Somerton Man, the one on the left is how the face appeared some days after the bust was made, just prior to the burial. The image of the bust looks different and that, according to Pail is due to the fact that he used the Police post autopsy photographs to help him properly finish the facial features of the man. The nose and mouth have quite different appearances.

Paul gave quite a detailed description of the events of that Tuesday when he started on the project. He had been busy over the weekend gathering the various tools and materials he needed including the special plaster from Fosters Pottery and a selection of floor boarding with which he would build a frame around the upper part of the man's body. 

Four detectives had turned up to help and together they manhandled the body from its resting place in the freezer at the Morgue. 3 men were at his head and shoulders, the fourth lifted his feet.

Paul prepared the body by washing it with soft soap and applied some to the man's hair to smooth it down and then built the wooden frame. 

During the process, some of the plaster slipped off the man's back due to the body defrosting, one of the detectives used towels from the morgue to dab the body dry. Eventually, the plaster took to the body. 

The body had to be turned over and the Detectives, 4 of them, did that work.

Special wax was melted down for the ears, it became like a jelly which Paul poured into each ear whilst it was still hot, he had to wait for it to cool down before removing the 'plugs'. The ears were made in fact made with Dental wax and the shape was reinforced with a hessian cloth to hold the shape together.

The work was completed and Paul was very pleased with the result, he had a good likeness of the man in the original police photographs.


It was for days after the completion of the bust that Paul received a telephone call from Professor Cleland. He told Paul that he wanted the head bd instructed him to go to the morgue, skin the head, and remove the skull replacing it with a rough model that he could make up. Paul followed the instructions, he went to the morgue, retrieved the body, and had it on the table. 

Paul had commenced skinning the head to a point where he had removed the skull cap when a Detective suddenly entered the morgue and told him to immediately stop what he was doing and that the man was going to be buried that day.

Paul stated that what he found when he skinned and opened the skull surprised him. The inside of the skull was pristine, immaculately clean which could only have been achieved by pouring boiling water into the brain cavity. 

There was no sign of any biological material whatsoever, it had all been removed. Paul called Cleland and told him what had happened, Cleland was very annoyed; they spoke for a while, and from what Paul told me, they agreed that the tissue had been removed to prevent any detailed examination. Paul was aware that certain drugs left tell-tale traces in the brain and not elsewhere in the body, sodium pentathol, the 'truth' drug, was mentioned.

In closing off this session Paul made specific mention of the way that the skin had been stitched when he went to prepare the skull. In his view, it was a very professional job, someone was practiced in this art.

There's more to follow on this last aspect, can we find out just when the sewing work had been done and when?

You are welcome to share this post, all that is asked in the spirit of professional cooperation, is that you mention the source of the post as being this blog.


Monday, 7 June 2021



The Gentleman in  the image above, is Paul Lawson, the man who made the plaster bust of the Somerton Man. He is also the last surviving man with inside knowledge about the Somerton Man case much of which has never been published. That's about to change.

A few weeks ago, I was contacted by a close friend of Paul, he had asked her to contact me as he had information that he wanted to share with me that he would like to have published as a book.  I was taken aback at first, since my first discussions with Paul I had always held him in high regard and we hit it off quite well. Needless to say, I agreed immediately to take on the task and to record and publish 'Paul's Story'.

Paul is very much 'old school', he is a man of integrity and an amazingly sharp mind for a man of his age. His memory is super impressive and his attention to detail after all these years is just astounding, he still retains a good sense of humour.

What we agreed to do is to publish the information from each session as we complete them, a 'serial' if you like. Whilst we will make the accounts as clear as possible, some elements will be left until later in the piece.


Paul's involvement in the Somerton Man case all began when he received a telephone call from Mr. Hale, the Director of the SA Museum where Paul worked as a taxidermist. He told Paul to come to his office immediately as a matter of urgency. Paul dutifully obeyed and went straight to the Directors office where he was introduced to a Detective Sergeant Leane and 3 other detectives.

It was Leane who opened the discussion by asking Paul if he could create a plaster bust of a body. Replying in the affirmative, Leane quickly responded saying 'Right, Let's go!' 

Paul, still wearing his white work coat, got into the Police car, sat on the back seat with Leane on one side and a detective on the other, the two other detectives were seated in the front of the car. They drove to the West terrace cemetery and to the morgue that was situated there. On the way, Leane made it very clear that everything Paul saw or heard from that point on was to be kept secret especially from the press.

Recalling the first few minutes after arriving at the morgue, Paul thought that the way that Leane sat, on a chair, reversed with his legs astride its back, was unusual, for whatever reason it was one of those moments that tend to stick in your mind.

When asked if the body could be taken to the Museum, Leane answered with a sharp, 'No!', the body it seems had to be worked on only at the morgue. 

The 4 detectives, including Leane, opened up the top right compartment of the freezer and manhandled the body of a man out of its resting place and onto the morgue table. Paul briefly inspected the body, pressing on the stomach and chest to see if there was any 'give' in it. He gave the body a shake and quickly concluded that this body was almost rock solid from its time in the freezer and the effects of the formalin.  Nevertheless, the job of creating a bust of the man could be done. The body was not referred to as the Somerton Man to this point.

It was agreed that Paul would return to the morgue the following Tuesday, the Monday being a holiday, to make a start on the work.

After a discussion with his Director, Paul was able to gather all of the tools and implements he would need to carry out his task and also to order and collect the various materials from Fosters Pottery in Adelaide.


The making of the bust and an unusual discovery...


Tuesday, 1 June 2021



Below is a video, it isn't about the Somerton Man as such but it is about the exhumation of a number of sets of remains and it shows the process used to categorise and optimise the information gleaned from those remains.

The subject goes back to the 1500s and relates to the discovery of the remains of 100 individuals in York. If you have an interest in this kind of forensic examination then you really should watch this documentary.

After you've viewed this clip, and there are more in the same vein, you will see just how critically important it is to examine every minute detail. In the Somerton Man case, there is one such critical piece of information, and that is the chart of the Somerton Man's teeth made by Dr. Dwyer at the autopsy of the man:

The chart for the teeth found with the exhumed remains must match the chart above. If it does then that's all good but if it doesn't then we have an entirely different outcome. The fact that the chart must be created and matched if we are to get a believable result from the examination of the exhumed remains.

Wednesday, 19 May 2021

SOMERTON MAN: 7 REVELATIONS, Updated 24th May 2021.


With the exhumation if the remains of the Somerton Man now underway, (but not without its hiccups it appears), I thought it would be a good time to bring together a summary of the discoveries we have made on this blog.

Much has been written over the years about the Somerton Man, was he a spy? Was he a jilted lover? Did he end his own life or was he killed? Assassinated? Accidental overdose?

There is evidence-based research and it can be broken down into sections or categories and links provided to numerous articles and posts that you will find on this blog and that clearly show the involvement of intelligence agencies. 

Acrostic codes, strange ads in newspapers, mysterious poisonings, clandestine communications exposed, the Somerton Man hidden code found, proof that his body was placed on the beach much later than previously thought. You will find it all here, the only blog that maintained the effort and the focus from the outset.


From more than 600 posts you can read here on the subject, below are the categories of those posts that to my mind will help provide a clearer picture and understanding of the Somerton Man case.

1. The Somerton Man Code cracked... photographic techniques revealed for the first time the presence of a hidden code on the so-called Somerton Man code page. On July 20th, 2020, a copy of the hidden code  posted, SEE HERE >> AND HERE  >>

2. Evidence that Alf Boxall and Jestyn were using steganography, a clandestine communication method hidden in their copy of the Rubaiyat, it has to be seen to be believed   SEE EXAMPLES HERE

3. INK H, a secret writing technique recorded as being used by British Special Operations Executive (SOE) that concealed writing within other writing, in fact it is described in an SOE manual. It lay hidden for 70 years until we found it. SEE HERE >>>

3. Evidence that strongly suggests that the Somerton Man died elsewhere and his body wasn't taken to Somerton Beach until after 4.30 a.m. on December 1st 1948. We were fortunate to have the input and advice of a renowned Tidal expert for these posts. The Shifting Sands of Somerton Beach, SEE HERE >>>

5. The DANETTA code, a mysterious acrostic code that turned up in the last letter of a man who was found poisoned in a Hindley Street hotel 2 weeks to the day after the discovery of the body on the beach. What's more that same acrostic code turns up in numerous other places and documents associated with the Somerton Man case. SEE HERE >>> and HERE >>> and more HERE >>>

6. The Tibor Kaldor story, in which the DANETTA code was found. There's much to read about the Tibor Kaldor story HERE >>> I would like to point out that in the research efforts regarding this man, Clive Turner an Adelaide follower and researcher on the case, was of extraordinary assistance and provided solid input into parts of the story, it is and always will be greatly appreciated.

7. Apparent links to the George Marshall case, another poisoning, and another Rubaiyat, that took place in Sydney in 1945. Men associated with Australian internment camps form part of this story. Our most recent posts address that particular issue: See HERE >>>


There's always some bonus information when you look for it. In this case, it's a man, a man who is thought to be a candidate for the Somerton Man.

The man on the left of this image is Pavel Ivanovich Fedosimov, or at least that is what the notation on the back of the photograph suggests. 

By way of a little background, this man or rather the description of this man, was referred to in a book, ''THE ATOM SPIES.' by Oliver Pilat, there's a kindle edition HERE >>> In the book, the man is described as being heavily built and about 6 foot two, the description was given by well known Atom Spy, Harry Gold. Harry himself was of short stature around 5 feet 3 inches in height. For Harry, anyone over 5 foot 10 was a giant. 
The Somerton Man was closer to 6 feet tall. In fact when measured in the mortuary, he was 5 feet 11 inches in height. Those of you reading this who are familiar with such things would know full well that a body lying on a slab in the mortuary and measured in this way would gain a good 1 1/2 inches if they were to stand up and stretch to full height. If you add a pair of shoes to that person then 6 foot two or more would be quite likely and from the short-statured Harry Gold, then it is not surprising that he put the man's height at well over 5 feet 11 inches.

Having said that, Harry described the man as walking on his toes, this is a factor that could contribute to highly developed calf muscles, the same kind of calf muscles possessed by the Somerton Man had. Add that and the fact that 'Fedosimov' had large hands as did the Somerton Man, we get a very close match. But is it enough? Read on.

The book itself was referred to by Senator Cavanagh in the 1970s during a session in the Australian Senate. Referring to the book, Senator Cavanagh stated that he was worried that Australia was becoming a dumping ground for dead spies. In that same speech, he also spoke about the Somerton Man. 

The Atom Spies book did not name the man as Fedosimov but CIA records and later books did, and official documents mentioned Harry Golds' meeting with Pavel Fedosimov. But was that his real name? 

The Soviets, in common with many intelligence services, were in the habit of providing their operatives with alternative identities, in fact on occasions, names would be changed when someone moved from one location to another. We may never know but what we do know is that there is only one photograph of him and that is the one above this article, he is with Nosov, the then Soviet Ambassador to the US and they are at La Guardia field, NY. It was April 1947.

By June of 1948, Pavel, the acting vice-consul at the Soviet Embassy, had been recalled to Moscow. We had this confirmed by a former KGB officer, Alexander Vassiliev. In fact, in my discussion with him Alexander went further, he said that the reason for the recall was because Pavel was suspected of being about to betray the mother country. In those days, that was as good as a death sentence in Stalin's Russia. Of note that Alexander is an author of note in the field of intelligence services and is of course the author of Vassiliev's notes within which document you will find the various references to Fedosimov.

Pavel dutifully boarded the ship in New York on 1st July 1948, he was not accompanied by his wife. The ship was the POBEDA. En route to Odessa and within hours of its destination, there was a huge fire on board the Pobeda resulting in the deaths of 40 passengers and two crew. It would be better to read through the links provided, it is a long and complex story but it has been verified. Before I supply the links to the Fedosimov story, let me reiterate, the foregoing information is what led me to seriously suspect the man in the photograph who was named as Pavel Fedosimov by Soviet sources, as a strong candidate for being the Somerton Man. He matched the description in height, build, hands, and even his teeth on the photograph appear to  not dissimilar to those of the Somerton Man, add the high calf muscles and there is yet another reason for that suspicion.

If this is the Somerton Man, how would he have entered Australia? I suggest he could have used one of several methods employed to gain entry for any 'illegal', another name and another set of documents. It would be naive in the extreme to think that he would have used the name Fedosimov in that task.

1. Comparison facial match and more, Somerton Man/ Fedosimov HERE

2. More Posts on Fedosimov HERE

3. Journey of the Pobeda, HERE

4. More on the Pobeda HERE

Please note, the posts and thoughts on Fedosimov are based on evidence and known facts about the man and that the only photograph in existence is the one shown above. Whilst a person of that name is certainly mentioned in numerous documents post 1948, for example in United Nations papers and the IAEA, there are no photographs to be found, there are no sightings of him after that photograph in April 1947. Neither the United Nations nor the International Atomic Energy Authority could provide any photographs of Fedosimov. 

Apart from Sentaor Cavanagh's speech, a well-known researcher from before my time, John Ruffels, also strongly suggested that the Somerton Man was in fact a match for the man in the Atom Spy book.

Is he the Somerton Man? it may well be that the examination of DNA will decide that he's not in which case the search will start anew. Even then a great deal has been learned and shared as a result of this discovery. The Pobeda trip alone has the makings of a great novel :)

Tuesday, 18 May 2021


LOVEDAY Internment Camp, Riverland, South Australia

This post originally published in 2018, has been reviewed in the light of the post published on the 7th May 2021, (3 Suicides and an assassination). 

1. Wolfgang Wagner, like the subject of this post, Karl Oswald Thierfelder, was similarly tried for espionage, he was caught capturing and distributing military and shipping information, he too had been interned at Tatura at one stage. 

2. Wolfgang had given the name of HELMUT HENDON (Real name Heinz Helmut Honig) as his cousin when he first entered Australia. For those unaware, Helmut Hendon was the boyfriend of Gwyneth Dorothy Graham who had apparently committed suicide by slitting her wrists. Gwyneth was associated with George Marshall, another man who was found poisoned, his body being found in bushland overlooking Taylors Bay, Mosman. A copy of the Rubaiyat, a Methuen 7th Edition, was found with his body, it was opened and on those pages, 2 verses had been underlined.

3. It is understood that Helmut Hendon had spent time at Tatura before joining the Employment Company, he was a man known for frequent hospital visits as was Wolfgang Wagner and the subject of the post below, Karl Oswald Thierfelder.

4. They join Tibor Kaldor as one time internees and residents at Tatura internment camp.

An interesting point regarding Helmut, he spent a little time in Hospital on the very day that Pakie was run over by an Army truck in Sydney, 6th/7th May 1945. For the newcomers, Pakie ran a very successful establishment since pre-war days, the location was a known meeting place for intellectuals and the spying fraternity.

Many thanks to Rowan Holmes for his most valuable research paper on the subject.

2018 POST:

As always, it pays to review key dates and times in a matter of interest.

Accordingly, here's a brief review of the timeline of events related to Karl Oswald Thierfelder, mechanical engineer, the German internee who was tried and imprisoned on what was effectively a spying offence. Other references have been interspersed into the timeline.

1.  8th March 1938 Arrived Australia ex 'Narkunda', resided at 178 Orrong road, Toorak. Worked premises 103 William Street Melbourne

(1935  German Spy, Annette Wagner arrived in Sydney, she achieved social acceptance and even had her own radio programme dealing mostly with European fashion, intelligence agencies believed she used those broadcasts to communicate with other spies in Australia including information on shipping movements. The story here:  MORE HERE. This Wagner left Sydney in 1940. During her time in Sydney, she lived at Bakewell House, Clifton Gardens. In July 1946 Annette committed suicide whilst being interrogated in a French Police building, she jumped from a window)

2. 16th March 1939, interned Melbourne

(Approximately August/September 1939, Wolfgang Wagner of Rushcutters Bay suspected of recording ship movements in Sydney Harbour. Intriguingly Wolfgang's wife died quite young, in 1946 we think, no records traced as yet)

3. 15th April 1940 Released on parole

4. 15th April 1942 Re-interned at Loveday

5. 1st August 1942 Appealed, to the tribunal in Wayville SA

6. 8th August 1942, Returned to Loveday 

(December 24th 1942, the massively damaged USS New Orleans arrives Sydney Harbour, badly damaged and towed in, to Cockatoo Island for repair.

 January date unknown, German broadcast detailing the towing event and damage to New Orleans made from Berlin.

January 29th 1943 Doctor Evatt announces the said broadcast information via a Tasmanian newspaper article.

February 1943 through July 1943, several newspaper articles regarding the leaking of ship and military information collected by German spies in Australia

March 7th 1943, USS New Orleans, CA 32, with temporary repair leaves Sydney Harbour screened by HMAS Deloraine, RAN, J232, confirmed by recovery of letter Q on the much later recovered Somerton Man code page)

7. 5th June 1943 Thierfelder To Barmera, Riverland, Base Hospital ex Loveday.

8. 10th July 1943, Thierfelder released from Barmera Base hospital to Loveday

9. 24 July 1943, Thierfelder interrogated and in court for espionage-related activities, in custody Yatala prison Adelaide.

10. 27th November 1943, Thierfelder imprisoned for 5 years at Yatala for espionage-related offences

11. 10th Febuary 1945 Detached from Yatala to Tatura, still serving the sentence

12. $th November 1946, in Tatura camp, sentence served.

13. 3rd January 1947 To Rushworth No.3 Camp, 

14. 9th August 1947, released, worked at Regent Motors, 86 Sturt Street, Melbourne no residential address found to date.

15. 24th November 1947, repatriated to Germany

What caught my attention was the apparent link between the USS New Orleans timeline which was followed a short while later by the German broadcast, Doc Evatt's news article, more news talk on German spy activity and the arrest, interrogation and imprisonment of Thierfelder on charges specifically related to the recording and passing on of sensitive shipping and military movements. Is that all coincidence?

Why was Thierfelder hospitalised?

A month in Hospital seems a lengthy stay? Was the hospitalisation a cover for interrogation?

We are following up on a number of promising leads and will be posting more.

Friday, 7 May 2021



I put this Google Map together to better illustrate the series of what I think are linked events, 4 deaths in all, that took place in Australia between 1945 and 1948 and that were of relevance to the Somerton Man case.

When you study the map you will see that I have included the Tibor Kaldor case as well as the George Marshall and Gwyneth Dorothy Graham cases. All up including the SM case we have four events that were all initially thought of as likely suicides.

Three of these deaths were poisonings and one, Gwyneth Dorothy Graham, was thought to have slit her own wrists in a hot bath at a flat she shared with a Helmut Hendon in Kings Cross, Sydney just 21 days after the finding of the body of her friend, George Marshall.

On digging through the various files and inquest information, I came across hitherto unnoticed information regarding one of the people associated with the case. This information could mark yet another pivotal moment in the investigation of the Somerton Man case.

More to follow in the next post.


Thursday, 6 May 2021



'Ink H' Microcodes shown in the following images from the Boxall ROK...

What you see here is quite clearly micro code concealments within the Alf Boxall/Jestyn copy of the ROK. This is the same kind of code as you will find on the Somerton Man code page and hidden also within the TAMAM SHUD torn slip of paper. This is the code, efforts to try and 'crack' the larger letters found on the code page are, in my view, sadly and simply a waste of effort but there are those who choose that as their path. The letters may have a meaning as in part of a radio operator's Pro Signs, but the full-blown code has already been found and cracked last year, in part it is a HILL CIPHER Read more at the bottom of this post.


A close up of the grapes from the illustration page of the Boxall Rubaiyat:

Above is the marked Macro close view of the grapes.


The following images show the concealment of microcode within the actual letters of the Title page:


The next 2 images show the concealment that appears as a vertical line between the inscription and title pages.

This next image shows the concealment in reasonable detail, the characters shown are around .4mm in size:


There is an amazing resemblance between the method used to conceal code in this image and that used by George Teltscher in his stunning design of the Hay Internment Camp banknotes.

The signature line from a Hay 2 shilling note, microcode within the cursive writing

Below I have cropped the top image in two parts for easier handling. The idea is that from these images you will see the beginnings of how the book was used, I believe, as a training manual, Jestyn was taught how to conceal codes and this was her assignment.

I have put similar images on here previously, I explained then how to process the initial photograph in order to reveal the codes. Essentially it was a matter of printing out the original image on bleed-proof paper and at high-quality print settings. What's different about this image is that this is a hi-resolution copy of the 2nd stage image, that is, this is a copy of the image on bleed-proof paper.

The idea is to enable anyone to download and examine the details for themselves. 

1. The Inscription page:

On download you will be able to zoom in and view details of code, they are not all perfectly clear although some are. Pay particular attention to the illustration and the facial features and neck areas as well as the hand and the ring. The vertical line at the centre of the book should also be looked at. The inscription itself is well worth viewing as is the number 70 and Jestyn's signature. If you can't quite see it, then I suggest that you consider taking close pics using a macro lens camera.

2. The Title Page

You'll need to rotate the title page anti-clockwise and then examine the lettering in close-up. The small illustration should be carefully examined in particular the grapes. Just focus in on them and you'll see what's been hidden there.

 In a post on this blog some years ago, the larger letters n the code page were possibly in my view, part of a Radio Operators Pro Signs. Here's a link to that post: